The Hungarian Parliament
The eclectic building of the Hungarian Parliament stretching along the Danube bank is designed by Imre Steindl.
It is an impressive building that is 268 meters long and 118 meters wide. It has 17,000 square meters, its corridors surround 10 inside courtyards.
The best Hungarian artist and industrial companies of the nineteenth century have worked on the wrought-iron gates, on the chandeliers, on the facade, on the frescoes that are decorating the halls, on the statues and on the gilded ornaments.
The building of the Hungarian Parliament has two wings that is connected by a 96 meters high dome. The two-story, high-roofed building has Gothic towers and large windows. The facade has 88 sculptures of governors, Transylvanian princes and generals.
The impressive staircase is decorated by the statue of Imre Steindl. His genius has combined a large variety of styles in one building. The large, representative round house and reception halls are decorated with valuable tapestries, huge oil paintings including the famous work of Mihály Munkácsy, which depicts the Hungarian conquest.
Visiting the Hungarian Parliament
The Hungarian Parliament has guided tours every thirty minutes and last for 50 minutes. The tour includes the main staircase, the dome, the coronation regalia, the north or the south lounge and the lower or the upper meeting room. Free admission can be requested at gate X., the guided tour starts at gate XII.
The grand staircase
The grand staircase leads from the entrance to the Dome. You should give special attention to the 8 pieces of 6 meters high dark red giant columns, made each of one piece of Swedish granite stone. The stairs are decorated with henchman statues holding the coronation regalia. The allegorical frescoes on the ceiling made by Károly Lotz fit to the spirit of the Hungarian Parliament.
The Dome Hall
The Dome Hall of the Hungarian Parliament is the structural and ideological center of the building and in the past was the meeting place of the two houses of the Parliament. The diameter of the round hall is 20 meters, and the ceiling reaches 27 meters. In the perimeter are the statues of sixteen governors. Here you can also find the coronation insignia: the Hungarian Holy Crown, the scepter, the sword and the orb.
Meeting rooms and lounges
In the south part of the Hungarian Parliament is the actual meeting room that was earlier the place of the Lower House. The huge red carpet is a rarity, the sculptures are the allegories of real science, industry and trade. The themes of the paintings came from the Hun-Hungarian legends.
The interior of the House of Representatives has a horseshoe shape, it is 25 meters deep and 17 meters high. The predominant color of the hall is gold, and the construction and decoration materials have a Slavonic oak brown tone. In addition to functional furnishings as leather and velvet chairs you will find there the presidential pulpit, the bells and a number of allegorical statues.
In the north part of the Hungarian Parliament is located the former Upper House that sometimes gives place to international conferences often, as the present Hungarian legislature is unicameral.
The lounge leading to Upper Meeting Room has blue carpet and walls, the statues are allegories of the agro-industrial economy, and the paintings have medieval Hungarian history themes. The Upper House is also gold-brown with allegorical sculptures.