Top 3 religious attractions in Kalocsa
The Archdiocese of Kalocsa is one of the four metropolises of the Roman Catholic Church in Hungary and a famous religious attraction in Kalocsa. Being a special beauty, the Cathedral of Kalocsa identifies with the Hungarian history, being founded in the year 1000 by King Stephen I of Hungary. Nine years after its construction, the Catholic church was elevated to the archdiocese status, which is preserved until today.
The Holy Trinity Column in Kalocsa is a religious monument dedicated to the Holy Virin Mary and all the Saints that contributed to the spread of Christianity.
The Cathedral of Kalocsa
The cathedral is a top religious attraction in Kalocsa and in the medieval era was one of the two Archdiocese of the Kingdom of Hungary. An important aspect concerning the Archdiocese of Kalocsa is that had the right to crown kings of Hungary, as happened in 1175, when the Archbishop of Kalocsa was chosen to crown King Bela III. The first parish of the archdiocese was founded in the eleventh century.
With the Great Mongol invasion in 1241 was completely devastated. The renovation of the Cathedral of Kalocsa began in the second half of the thirteenth century, after which played an important role in the spread of Christianity. Nowadays, the patron Saint of the archdiocese is Paul of Tarsus.
The current structure of the cathedral dates back from 1710. Count Gabor Patachich moved the permanent archbishop seat to Kalocsa. The cathedral is built according to the plans of Andras Mayerhoffer, in Italian Baroque style, between 1735-1754, and has a height of 64 m, a length of 64 m, and a width of 24 m. The bridge that connects the two towers of the cathedral had in the past three statues representing the Virgin Mary and the Apostles Peter and Paul. Because of the advanced state of decay, the statues of the apostles were moved in 2007.
A special attraction of the cathedral is the organ dating from 1923, which was disassembled during the First World War. It was reassembled only in 1985.
The statue of Saint Stephen
Saint Stephen is one of the most prestigious religious figures of the Hungarians. Near the main cathedral of the town of Kalocsa stays a statue of him. It was built to celebrate the 950 anniversary of the death of the King. It was designed by Károly Kirchmayer and György Vadász.
The Holy Trinity Column in Kalocsa
Another aim of the building of the Holy Trinity Column in Kalocsa besides the one mentioned above was to celebrate the Christianity in the ancient kingdom. It was built in 1786 by architect Lipot Salm. It is engraved with biblical scenes and depicts Saint John of Nepomuk, St. Sebastian and St. Florian. Located near downtown, is a symbol for the christians in the region.